What Is Ethnic Cleansing?

What are examples of ethnic cleansing?

Examples of ethnic cleansing understood in this sense include the Armenian massacres by the Turks in 1915–16, the Nazi Holocaust of European Jews in the 1930s and ’40s, the expulsion of Germans from Polish and Czechoslovak territory after World War II, the Soviet Union’s deportation of certain ethnic minorities from ….

What constitutes ethnic cleansing?

“Ethnic cleansing” has been defined as the attempt to get rid of (through deportation, displacement or even mass killing) members of an unwanted ethnic group in order to establish an ethnically homogenous geographic area.

What was the largest ethnic cleansing in history?

What ensued was the largest and most sweeping ethnic cleansing in history: the removal of over ten million Germans from Eastern Europe. The final decision to remove German populations from Eastern Europe was taken by the United States, the U.S.S.R. and Britain on August 2, 1945, in Potsdam.

Which groups were targets of ethnic cleansing?

The Serbs targeted Bosniak and Croatian civilians in areas under their control, in what has become known as “ethnic cleansing.” During the subsequent civil war that lasted from 1992 to 1995, an estimated 100,000 people were killed, 80 percent of whom were Bosniaks.

How many Germans were killed after WWII?

The German Red Cross reported in 2005 that the records of the military search service WAS list total Wehrmacht losses at 4.3 million men (3.1 million dead and 1.2 million missing) in World War II. Their figures include Austria and conscripted ethnic Germans from Eastern Europe.

What was the largest forced migration in history?

transatlantic slave tradeThe transatlantic slave trade was the largest forced migration in history, and undeniably one of the most inhumane. The extensive exodus of Africans spread to many areas of the world over a 400-year period and was unprecedented in the annals of recorded human history.

What are the effects of ethnic cleansing?

Ethnic cleansing clearly harms those chased away from their homes, who suffer the loss of property, the anguish of separation and, often, the trauma of betrayal by neighbors (Weine et al., 1995).

Who started ethnic cleansing?

Although ethnic cleansing has occurred during human history, the term was initially used by the perpetrators during the Yugoslav Wars and cited in this context as a euphemism akin to that of Nazi Germany’s “Final Solution”, by the 1990s, and gained widespread acceptance due to journalism and the media’s heightened use …

What are the 3 human races?

The main human races are Caucasoid, Mongoloids (including Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, and American Indians, etc.), and Negroid. Khoisanoids or Capoids (Bushmen and Hottentots) and Pacific races (Australian aborigines, Polynesians, Melanesians, and Indonesians) may also be distinguished.

How do you spell ethnic cleansing?

noun. the elimination of an unwanted ethnic group or groups from a society, as by genocide or forced emigration.

Which race is the oldest in the world?

An unprecedented DNA study has found evidence of a single human migration out of Africa and confirmed that Aboriginal Australians are the world’s oldest civilization.

What color was the first human?

Color and cancer Around 1.2 million to 1.8 million years ago, early Homo sapiens evolved dark skin. But evolutionary biologists haven’t been convinced that skin cancer itself drove the evolutionary change. (Light skin evolved again after humans moved out of Africa to higher latitudes.)

What are the 5 races of humans?

(A) The old concept of the “five races:” African, Asian, European, Native American, and Oceanian. According to this view, variation between the races is large, and thus, the each race is a separate category. Additionally, individual races are thought to have a relatively uniform genetic identity.