Quick Answer: What Is The Principle Of Specialization?

How does Socrates define a city?

Socrates introduces the foundational principle of human society: the principle of specialization.

They are all members of what Socrates deems the “producing class,” because their role is to produce objects for use.

Socrates calls this city the “healthy city” because it is governed only by necessary desires..

What is an example of specialization?

Specialization increases the amount of goods and services that people produce and consume. … Examples: Different community workers specialize in the jobs they do. People also specialize when they divide the labor on an assembly line or in an office.

What is POB specialization?

An agreement within a community, group, or organization under which the members most suited (by virtue of their natural aptitude, location, skill, or other qualification) for a specific activity or task assume greater responsibility for its execution or performance. USAGE EXAMPLES.

What three virtues does Socrates identify?

Having now in theory founded the ideal state, Socrates proceeds to try to determine the essential virtues that may be said to characterize it (the Four Cardinal Virtues): wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice.

What is the city of Pigs?

The most outstanding feature of Socrates’ first city (the city of pigs/the original simple rustic city) is its moderate character. … It is a city with two main social classes, consisting, on the one hand, of craftsmen, farmers, builders, sailors, herdsmen, weavers and merchants, and laborers on the other.

What is Plato’s ideal society?

Plato lists three classes in his ideal society. … Philosopher Kings: are the most intelligent, rational, self-controlled, in love with wisdom, and well suited to make decisions for the community, and who promote the interests of the society as a whole.

What are the 3 parts of the soul?

In other words, each person’s soul is divided into three different parts, and these parts are simply in different balance from one person to the next. Plato defines the soul’s three parts as the logical part, the spirited part, and the appetitive part.

What are the types of specialization?

There are two types of specialisation:structural specialisation (topic or map level), and.domain specialisation (element level).

What do u mean by specialization?

1 : a making or becoming specialized. 2a : structural adaptation of a body part to a particular function or of an organism for life in a particular environment. b : a body part or an organism adapted by specialization.

What are two advantages to specialization?

AdvantagesWorkers become quicker at producing goods (more productive)An increase in productivity causes the cost if production to decrease (lower average costs)Production levels are increased.Specialised workers tend to get higher pay.Workers’ specific skills will be improved.More motivation from job satisfaction.

Is specialization a good thing?

Specialization is a good thing, but also has its drawbacks. … Specialization is a good thing, but only if the specialization is exceptional. It is a matter of being an expert in a particular field. However, this is reasonable in a world of technology and science where you can become to “go-to” person.

What is job specialization example?

Examples of job specialization When an organization fosters specialization, it allows employees to become more effective and efficient within their role. Perhaps one of the industries where it is easiest to visualize job specialization is manufacturing, specifically for employees who work on an assembly line.

What is Plato’s view of the soul?

Plato believed the soul was eternal. It exists prior to the body. He asserted that upon physical death of the body, the soul moves onto another body. Building on this belief, he called the body the prison of the soul.

What is the purpose of specialization?

Specialization in business involves focusing on one product or a limited scope of products so as to become more efficient. Specialization can increase the productivity of and provide a comparative advantage for a firm or economy.

What are the 3 parts to the state in Plato’s ideal society?

In Plato’s ideal state there are three major classes, corresponding to the three parts of the soul. The guardians, who are philosophers, govern the city; the auxiliaries are soldiers who defend it; and the lowest class comprises the producers (farmers, artisans, etc).

What city does Socrates believe is the best?

the just city completeSocrates declares the just city complete. Since this city has been created to be the best city possible, we can be sure that it has all the virtues. In order to define these virtues, all we need to do is look into our city and identify them.

What is subject specialization?

In specialization, the best teachers teach one or two priority subjects, leaving other subjects and many noninstructional tasks to teammates. A likely combination would be subject pairs: 1) math/science and 2) language arts/social studies.

What are the three types of good?

Glaucon states that all goods can be divided into three classes: things that we desire only for their consequences, such as physical training and medical treatment; things that we desire only for their own sake, such as joy; and, the highest class, things we desire both for their own sake and for what we get from them, …