Quick Answer: What Drugs Are Used In An Emergency?

What are the emergency drugs used in ICU?

Emergency drugs (PICU Chart)DrugDose (IV)Furosemide0.5–1 mg/Kg IVHydrocortisone2 mg/Kg IV bolusInsulin (regular)0.05–0.1 Units/Kg bolus IV or SQ 0.05–0.1 Units/Kg/hr infusionLidocaine 2%1 mg/Kg IV/IO*18 more rows.

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin.

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

What are the 20 emergency drugs?

Adenosine.Amiodarone.Atropine.Dopamine.Epinephrine / Adrenaline.Naloxone.Magnesium sulfate.Sodium bicarbonate.

What are critical drugs?

Whilst all medicines should be administered in a timely manner, there are some that must not be omitted or their administration delayed as this has the potential to cause harm. These are referred to as ‘critical medicines’.

What is atropine the antidote for?

Atropine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low heart rate (bradycardia), reduce salivation and bronchial secretions before surgery or as an antidote for overdose of cholinergic drugs or mushroom poisoning. Atropine may be used alone or with other medications.

What does an ICU nurse need to know?

What skills do ICU nurses need?Advanced cardiac life support (ACLS)Patient care.Critical care.Life support.Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)Trauma.Patient/family education and instruction.Telemetry.More items…•

What are the emergency drugs in casualty?

Emergency DrugsDrugIndicationOxygenAlmost any emergencyEpinephrineAnaphylaxis Asthma unresponsive to albuterol/salbutamolNitroglycerinAngina painAntihistamine (diphenhydramine)Allergic reactions5 more rows

What is high risk drugs?

High risk medications are drugs that have a heightened risk of causing significant patient harm when they are used in error. High risk medicines include medicines: with a low therapeutic index. that present a high risk when administered by the wrong route or when other system errors occur.

What are the five essential emergency drugs?

Other “emergency” drugs, considered as secondary (for use by doctors specifically trained in their administration [eg, ACLS]) include:Aromatic ammonia vaporoles (smelling salts)Analgesics (injectable), eg, morphine.Anticholinergics (injectable), eg, atropine.Anticonvulsants (injectable), eg, midazolam.More items…

What are 4 types of drugs?

What types of drugs are there?stimulants (e.g. cocaine)depressants (e.g. alcohol)opium-related painkillers (e.g. heroin)hallucinogens (e.g. LSD)

Why is atropine given?

Atropine is used to help reduce saliva, mucus, or other secretions in your airway during a surgery. Atropine is also used to treat spasms in the stomach, intestines, bladder, or other organs. Atropine is sometimes used as an antidote to treat certain types of poisoning.

How do you use emergency drugs?

Administer by slow IV push for cardiac arrest, infuse over 30-60 minutes for other indications. Stop infusion if HR is greater than 100 bpm. Do not give intra-arterially.

What drugs are used in a code blue?

Amiodarone.Atropine.Epinephrine.

What is atropine used for in emergency situations?

Typically, atropine is the drug of choice for symptomatic bradycardia. An anticholinergic and potent belladonna alkaloid, it increases the heart rate, which improves hemodynamic stability. Epinephrine may be used as a secondary measure if atropine and temporary heart pacing don’t improve hemodynamic stability.